Breech mechanism by which the gun is loaded, fired, and unloaded.
Action also contains either extractor or
ejector that removes the empty
shell casing once a gun has been fired.
ACP (as in .45 ACP, .380 ACP, and .25 ACP)
Automatic Colt Pistol. A designation given to
several different cartridges designed for use in a
semiautomatic pistol and some
fully automatic machine pistols.
Ammunition is the consumable component of firearms system. Ammunition
is required to fire a gun. A single unit of ammunition in modern
firearms is called a cartridge. The units of
measure for quantity of ammunition is rounds.
There are hundreds of sizes of ammunition, examples include .223 Remington,
9mm Luger, 30.06, .308 Winchester, .300 Winchester Magnum, and .50 Browning
Machine Gun (BMG). The ammunition used must match the firearm.
A mixture of Ammonium Nitrate and Fuel Oil.
This is considered a Blasting Agent by the ATF.
It is a cheap explosive but requires substantial heat and/or impact to
detonate. Usually dynamite or some other explosive is used as a booster
make it detonate. The Boomershoot
explosive is a variation of this --
it uses potassium chlorate to sensitize the ANFO making the entire mixture easy
enough to detonate with a supersonic bullet.
A name given to a collection firearms,
ammo, and accessories by those who wish to demonize the owner of the
collection. Typically this is the term used by the media as they took
pictures after the police piled a gun owners collection on the front lawn.
Under some proposed laws an arsenal was defined as a more than a certain number
of firearms or cartridges and/or cartridge components
such as bullets, powders, or
primers. The numbers specified were typically so low
that you could become a "walking arsenal" by spending less than $15.00 and
putting the contents of your purchase in coat pocket.
A firearm that automatically loads the next cartridge
to be fired into the chamber either upon the pull of the
trigger in an open bolt design or upon the firing of the previous round in a
close bolt design. Over time this term has been shortened to just "auto"
and sometimes "automatic" thus creating confusion
between a full-auto firearm and a semi-automatic
An fully automatic firearm is capable of sequentially
firing two or more cartridges with a single pull of the
trigger. A fully automatic firearm is also called a
Automatic can also refer to a semi-automatic
See Full Metal Jacket.
1) The mistaken belief that a firearm marks the bullets and shell
casings fired in it with unique markings that do not change over time and are
not trivial to change by someone with a piece of sandpaper and a tube of
toothpaste. 2) A means of registering
all firearms for later confiscation.
A narrow hollow cylinder portion of a firearm
through which the bullet travels during the acceleration phase of it's journey
to the target.
A two legged support for the front end of a rifle to stabilize the gun
A type of projectile that has a tapered base
(rear end) that reduces the drag from the air as it travels to its target.
The mechanism of some firearms that holds the cartridge in place during
the firing process. See also Bolt Action.
A type of firearm, almost always a rifle, in which
an empty shell casing (remnant of a cartridge) is
removed from the firing chamber by the turning and
retraction of a metal cylinder shaped mechanism called a bolt. A new,
unfired, cartridge is inserted and secured into the chamber by reversing the
action of the bolt. Bolt action firearms are typically the most accurate
and are the most common type of firearm at the Boomershoot.
1) Specific to the Boomershoot -- a reactive target made of high
explosives. 2) Specific to the gun community -- a very high power
rifle that makes a louder than normal noise. Sometimes magnum rifles in
general will be referred to as boomers. 3) A person born during the
"Baby Boom" period following the conclusion of WWII.
We only shoot the Boomers fitting the first two definitions at the Boomershoot.
1) The hollow portion of a barrel through
which the bullet travels during it's acceleration phase.
2) Someone not interested in talking about guns and/or explosives.
A generally cylindrical shaped projectile that
travels through the air after being fired from a firearm. This is only
one component of a cartridge, which is a single piece
A barrel which has the same outside diameter it's
entire length. This type of barrel has the advantage of being very stiff and
hence a greater potential to be accurate. It has the disadvantage of being
heavy. Many of the rifles shot at the Boomershoot will have bull (or
very slight taper) barrels.
Butt (of a stock)
The stock of a rifle or shotgun is usually placed
against the shoulder to fire. The contact point with the shoulder is the butt
of the gun.
1) A slang term for an empty shell casing.
Most shell casings are made of the metal alloy known as brass. 2)
The personality trait that someone must have to believe they have the
authority and/or power to remove 200 million firearms and billions of rounds
of ammunition from 80 million people in the United States
who believe the right to keep and bear arms is an individual inalienable right guaranteed
by the Second Amendment to the Constitution.
term for a firearm sound suppressor.
A short, lightweight rifle with a barrel that usually measures less than 22".
In German, Karabiner means carbine.
The assembly of a bullet, shell
casing, gunpowder, and primer
that is put in the chamber of a firearm.
1) The diameter of the bore of a firearm.
Typically in millimeters or a decimal fraction of an inch. 2)
Common usage, but imprecise -- the name of the cartridge
used in a firearm. Examples include .223
Remington, 220 Swift, 22-250 which all use the same bullet,
but different cartridge, because they have the same
diameter of bore. Other examples include 7.62 NATO,
.308 Winchester (same as 7.62 NATO), 30.06, and .300 Winchester
Magnum. Again these all used the same bullet but a different cartridge.
See Percussion Cap.
See Shell Casing.
The portion of a barrel where a cartridge
is placed just prior to being fired. This is a high pressure containment
area which is very precisely aligned with the bore of the barrel. A gun
cannot be fired when the chamber is empty. At the Boomershoot guns must
have the chamber visibly open when not on the firing line or when people are down
See Powder Charge.
A unit of adjustment for a sight. Typically
equal to one quarter of one MOA, but may range
from one eighth to one half of one MOA.
A device that holds cartridges in place prior to
be put into a magazine of a firearm.
Hollywood, the media in general, and even a lot of shooters get this
wrong. A clip is not the same as a magazine.
A cartridge that has a primer
located in the center of the base of the shell casing.
This is as opposed to a rimfire cartridge.
A notch in the sear and hammer that forestalls
accidental hammer fall, which would fire the gun. When on half cock, the
hammer is disengaged from the trigger mechanism, hence
the gun is safe while the hammer is in this position. In some
revolvers, placing the hammer in the half cock position
allows rotating the cylinder for loading or unloading.
A state of readiness of a firearm. The hammer (or
similar mechanism if there is no hammer) only needs to be released by the
trigger to cause the gun to fire.
Cold clean bore
The first shot
from a rifle that has been cleaned, and not fired recently may go to a
different point of impact, for the same point of aim than a rifle that has
been fired recently. This first shot is referred to as a shot from a
cold, clean, bore. See also fouling shot.
Center Of Mass. For combat or self-defensive
shooters, COM represents the area of an assailant's torso within which the
most vital organs are likely to be disrupted by a gunshot. Shooting to COM is
considered the most expedient way to stop an assailant from continuing
The top part of the stock, ahead of the
butt, where the shooter rests his cheek is called the
A term used by law enforcement and the media to demonize a firearms owner
when referring to his home. Typically this is when their home is in a
somewhat rural area and has one or more outbuildings. Some of the more
famous examples include the homes of the
Randy Weaver and the
A means of disarming future victims. Victims and confiscators come in
two types: A) Victims of tyrannical governments such the Jews in Nazi
Germany. The Nazi's Weapons Control Act of 1938 forbid Jews to posses
firearms and was the basis for the United States Gun Control Act of 1968 (see
the website for Jews for the Preservation of
Firearm Ownership for more details); or B) The common person who
has their means of self defense removed by misguided, well intentioned, fools
in places like England where violent crime has skyrocketed since firearms in
particular and self-defense in general has been banned.
A rotating cartridge container in a revolver.
The cartridges are held in the chambers and the cylinder turns, either to the
left or to the right depending on the gun maker's design, as the
hammer is cocked.
A two barrel gun where the barrels are aligned side-by-side. Although
over/under shotguns are actually also double guns, usage limits the term to
side-by-side guns. Double guns are usually smooth bored, but double
rifles, for dangerous game, are sometimes encountered in the U.S.; are fairly
common in England, Europe, Africa, as well as in India.
The area of a gun range where firearms are pointed when they are
fired. The area of the range forward of the firing
An optical device used for aiming a firearm, usually consisting of an
illuminated dot or other simple reticle, superimposed in a non-magnified field
of view by a hologram or through prisms or mirrors. The reticle is generally
powered by small batteries, a radioactive isotope (tritium), or a
light-gathering fiber optic. Although dot-sights typically have low
magnification (maximum 1.5x), they are extremely fast for target acquisition and
do not suffer from parallax. They may also be called a "Red-Dot" sight
because the dot is typically red in color.
Slang for ear protection. A set of specially designed ear muffs or plugs that
reduce the intensity of the sound reaching the ears. Some of the guns
are so loud that a single shot can can cause permanent damage to unprotected
ears. Because of the high tax and restrictions on firearm sound
suppressors very few people in the US shoot firearms with suppressors.
In some European countries it's considered impolite to shoot a firearm without
a sound suppressor. At the Boomershoot ear protection is required for
shooters, spotters and nearby spectators while shooting is in progress.
A spring-activated mechanism for the ejection of ammunition
or and empty shell casing. On
doubles, each barrel has a separate ejector.
1) The setting on the sights of a firearm that controls the vertical
placement. 2) The altitude above mean sea level. This is
important for long range precision shooting because the air density changes
with elevation and affects the path of the bullet.
A device that withdraws or elevates a fired shell
casing or a live round from the
chamber as the breech mechanism is opened. See also
Slang for safety glasses or other protection for the eyes. Although very rare,
firearm accidents do happen. The biggest danger at the Boomershoot is
flying brass (cartridge
shell casings) which carries a very low risk of
serious injury. In the case of a serious accident such as an accidental
discharge into the nearby ground or a catastrophic structural failure of a
firearm during the firing process there may be high speed dirt or metal
particles flying around. These could result in serious eye injury if
safety glasses are not used. All shooters and spotters are required to
wear eye protection while shooting is in progress.
Ammunition that has been assembled by a commercial
vendor of ammunition and sold in retail stores. This is as opposed to
which have been assembled by individuals and are not typically
A gun which uses the combustion of some chemical mix, typically smokeless gunpowder,
to propel a projectile. Firearms are typically
divided into long guns and handguns.
A line, either imaginary or marked, from which people shoot their firearms
A needle like metal part of a modern firearm that
gives a vigorous strike to the primer initiating the
firing of the cartridge.
See Flash Suppressor.
A device affixed to the muzzle of a firearm barrel, designed to minimize
the bright flash caused by escaping hot gases and burning powder residue upon
firing. Also known as a Flash Hider.
That part of the stock forward of the
action and located below the barrel
A shot fired in a clean rifle barrel to put the barrel into the normal
slightly dirty state from which it is fired. Often, a rifle will shoot
to a different point of aim with this shot as compared to the subsequent
shots. See also, cold clean bore.
Full Metal Jacket
A type of bullet in which the lead core is encased in a copper jacket on
the front and sides. The copper jacket may also include the base, but
this is more rare. This type of bullet is relatively cheap and used for
target practice or by the military. Sometimes called "Ball"
A unit of weight (mass actually) used for measuring bullets
and gunpowder. There are exactly 7000 grains in
one pound. Typical .30 caliber bullets range from
125 to 220 grains. .22 caliber bullets for centerfire
cartridges range from about 50 grains to 70 grains. Typical weights of
gunpowder used in one cartridge range from about 20 grains to 80 grains
depending on the cartridge type, powder type, bullet weight, and desired muzzle
The portion of the bore in a rifled
barrel (see rifling) that has been machined away.
The diameter from the depth of one groove to its mate across the bore axis
forms the widest diameter of the bore. See also
A number of shots fired at a given range at one target & with one sight
setting, with either rifle or handgun,
to determine the accuracy of either the gun or the ammunition.
With a handgun the most common range is probably 25 yards. A two inch
group is generally considered good. With a rifle it is probably 100 yards
with a one to two inch group being considered good. The number of shots in
a group affects the size and when comparing the size of groups achieved with one
firearm to another the number of shots must be taken into account.
The group size is measured by finding the bullet holes that are the furthest
apart from each other and measuring from the center of one hole to the center of
the other hole. Obviously the number of shots fired affect the group size.
Typical numbers are three, five and ten. From a statistics viewpoint a
three shot group is virtually meaningless as a measurement of firearm accuracy.
Five shot groups are acceptable. Some advocate a seven shot group as a good
tradeoff between economy and statistical relevance.
1) Being able to hit your target. 2) A political tool to
A chemical mixture or compound that burns rapidly with or without the
presence of air to produce hot pressurized gases capable of propelling a
bullet. There are two basic types of gunpowder, Black Powder and
Smokeless Powder. Black Powder is composed of a mixture of charcoal, sulfur,
and potassium nitrate and produces a cloud of white noxious smoke when it
burns. Smokeless powder burns much cleaner but may still produce a small
puff of smoke. All modern firearms use smokeless powder, not only because
there is less smoke, but because the bullets can be made to exit the gun
faster. There are some people that love
the challenge of shooting a black powder type firearm and organizations
exist that cater to that group of people.
Similar in function to the carpenter and mechanics tool the hammer of a firearm
is propelled by a spring to strike either directly or via a firing
pin the primer of a cartridge
causing the gun to fire.
Handguns are designed to be fired from outstretched arms and include pistols
and revolvers. It is rare that a handgun will be
used at the Boomershoot.
Handloads are cartridges assembled by an individual person from the
individual components (primer, shell
casing, gunpowder, and bullet)
and are typically tailored specifically for their firearm. Handloads are
usually cheaper than purchasing factory ammo.
Probably about half of the shooters at the Boomershoot will be shooting handloads.
Heel (of a stock)
The top of the butt,
when the gun is in position on the shoulder to be fired, is called the heel.
A high power rifle uses a centerfire cartridge.
The alternative is a rimfire cartridge such as a .22
A type of bullet that has a hollow point at the front
end. In a pistol it would be used for
self-defense because the bullet expands upon contact with the target producing
a greater wound cavity. It is also less likely to over-penetrate, pass through the
attacker, and hit an innocent person on the other side. In a rifle
hollow point bullets are typically used for high precision shooting because
during the manufacturing process the base can be made much more symmetric
which is critical for an accurate bullet. Minor irregularities of the
hollow point are much less critical than similar irregularities in the base.
Sights made of metal with no optics.
Used in reference to inexpensive handguns,
“junk guns” is not only a deceptive term, it is also elitist. Affordable guns
are an accessible means of self-defense for those with low incomes, especially
people who live in poor, unsafe neighborhoods. Please note that politicians
commonly talk about banning “junk guns” yet they themselves are typically
afforded the luxury of armed guards. Again, it is elitist. See also
Saturday Night Special.
Slang term for recoil.
The portion of the bore in a rifled barrel (see
rifling) that protrudes into the bore
itself. The top surface of the lands is approximately the same diameter as the
bore was prior to rifling. See also Grooves.
Long guns are designed to be fired while in contact with the shoulder of
the shooter and include rifles and shotguns.
There have not been any shotguns used at the Boomershoot.
A type of gun that uses a lever operated mechanism to remove an empty shell
casing and insert a new cartridge in the chamber
of a rifle. Other types of mechanisms include bolt
action and pump action. Only one lever action
rifle has been used at the Boomershoot.
1) A ammunition feeding device that holds the
cartridges just prior to them being put in the chamber
of the firearm by the operation of a mechanism on the
firearm. This mechanism may be operated manually as in a bolt
action or semi-automatically when the gun fires after pulling the
trigger. The magazine may be detachable or part of the gun (as in a
tubular magazine common with lever action rifles and most
semi-auto and pump shotguns). The detachable ones
are what Hollywood, the media in general, and many shooters refer to as a clip.
This is wrong. A clip is different from a magazine. 2) A storage area for explosives. The
Boomershoot range has an ATF
approved and inspected explosives magazine for the reactive targets. It is
bullet and theft resistant. See pictures and find out more about it by clicking
here. 3) A periodical such as Precision
A cartridge that has more powder
and shoots the same weight bullet faster than some
previous similar cartridge. As much a marketing term as a technical
description. Familiar magnum cartridges include .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum,
and .300 Winchester Magnum.
A higher quality item used to increase accuracy -- generally used for
competition in a match. Match grade ammo and barrels
are the most common improvements made to a firearm to improve accuracy for competition.
See Minute Of Angle.
A type of 'viewfinder' in a telescopic sight
that has dots spaced one mill radian (a unit of angle related to degrees -- as
in 360 degrees in a circle). There are 2000 times Pi or 6283.2
milliradians in a complete circle. This spacing of dots lends itself to
relatively easy measuring of range to the target under many circumstances.
Minute Of Angle
Also called MOA. A unit of angle that is equal to one1/60 of one
degree. Used to adjust sight angles to aim a
firearm. At 100 yards one MOA is equal to very nearly 1 inch.
Typical telescopic sights used for competition
have adjustments (clicks) in one quarter MOA increments.
In most situations a rifle must be able to shoot one minute of angle or less
sized groups to be considered highly accurate.
Slang usage: "minute of pop can", "minute of deer", "minute of barn", or
some other type of target. This implies a level of accuracy necessary to
hit that particular target under "normal" conditions. It can be an
approving comment as in "It's good enough for minute of deer." Or
derogatory, as in "That gun can't shoot minute of barn."
Microsoft Gun Club. The event
director worked for Microsoft and was a member of the Microsoft Gun Club
at the time of his first successful Boomer experiment. A month later
the first Boomershoot occurred with most of the participants being fellow
MSGC members. See also the report posted to
the MSGC email list. The MSGC is still well represented at this
The end of the barrel where the bullet
exits as it is being fired.
An attachment to the end of a barrel that redirects
some of the pressurized, gas that propelled the bullet
out the muzzle to the sides and possibly rearwards from
the direction of the bullet travel. This reduces the recoil
of the firearm.
The speed of the bullet as it leave the muzzle of the gun. Typically
this is measured in feet per second. For handguns
typical velocities range from about 800 feet per second to about 1400
fps. For centerfire rifles
the range is from about 2200 fps to 4000 fps.
1) On percussion guns, the nipple is a small, threaded tube on which
the percussion cap is placed. The nipple
connects with the chamber so that when the cap is
exploded by the hammer the flash of the cap travels
through the nipple into the chamber igniting the powder
charge there. 2) Don't worry, I'm not going there.
Overbore capacity is that combination of caliber,
barrel length, bullet weight, and
case volume which does not allow the complete burning
of the charge of ballistically correct powder within the
volume of case and barrel.
This occurs in telescopic sights when the
primary image of the objective lens does not coincide with the
reticle. In practice, parallax is detected in a
scope when, as the viewing eye is moved laterally, the image and the reticle
appear to move in relation to each other. Telescopic sights often have
parallax adjustments to minimize this effect. Dot sights
typically do not suffer from this effect.
Any type of gun fired by the percussion system. In this ignition system
the powder charge was ignited by a
percussion cap, the fore-runner of the modern
primer. The cap was placed on the
nipple and when the hammer hit the cap, the flash of
the detonating charge in the cap traveled through the hollow nipple, thus
igniting the charge in the barrel. Black powder
shooters of today often use replica percussion arms in competitive shooting
The small cap that contains a detonating charge of fulminate. See also
An object given an initial velocity which proceeds on it's one inertia
through the air and perhaps solid objects in it's path. A bullet
fired from a gun is a projectile.
A handgun whose chamber is
integral with the barrel. This is opposed to a revolver.
1) A section of a rifle stock
shaped like the grip of a pistol. 2) A
variation of stock type that is so offensive to some
legislators they have seen fit to place restrictions on it.
The amount of propellant powder that is suitable for
combination, or in the case of shotshells, for a specific weight of
shot and wad column. In
handloading, powder charges are either weighted on accurate scales, or are
thrown by a powder measure which works on the volumetric system.
A small metal cup that contains a tiny explosive charge that is sensitive
to impact. A primer is placed in the base of a shell
casing to ignite the powder of the completed cartridge.
It is detonated by the striking of a firing pin in the firearm.
Pump or Pump Action
A type of mechanism for removing a spent shell casing
from the chamber of a firearm and
inserting a fresh cartridge into the chamber.
This type of mechanism is most commonly used in shotguns
and rimfire rifles. There have
not been any pump action firearms used at the Boomershoot.
A device used to determine the range to a target. Range finders of
recent manufacture used by Boomershooters work by bouncing a laser beam off the
target or nearby object and measuring the time for the reflection to arrive back at
the instrument. It is also possible to use various passive optical devices
such as a mil-dot telescopic sight.
1) A method by which a gunsmith makes all the slots of the screws
in a firearm line up. Usually this involves such things as machining a
new slot in the screw. This is usually done only in very high quality
firearms intended for display. 2) A subterfuge sold to the
public as a means of catching criminals. Even though researchers have
not been able to identify any criminals having been caught because they were
stupid enough to have used a firearm that was registered to them and then left
it at or near the crime scene.
The portion of a rifle that has the serial number on it. The
barrel, and other components such as the bolt are typically
attached to the receiver. Some firearms may have a multipart receiver such
as an upper receiver and a lower receiver.
The sudden rearward push made against the shooter when a firearm
is fired. This push is due to Newton's Third Law of physics (for every
action there is an equal and opposite reaction). The heavier the bullet and
the faster it leaves the muzzle of the barrel the more
recoil. The weight of the powder and the velocity
of the gases it produces at the muzzle also enters into the equation
describing the total recoil. These high velocity gases are what enable a
muzzle brake to reduce the recoil without reducing
the velocity of the bullet.
See Dot Sight. Also a brand of smokeless
Regulate (as in regulation of barrel
Double barreled guns need to be adjusted so both barrels shoot to the same
point of aim at some particular distance. Typically this would be
something like 50 or 100 yards. This is dependent on the ammunition used
as the weight and velocity of the bullet as it traverses the barrel changes the
position of the gun.
Regulate (as in a well regulated
From The New Century Dictionary, copyright 1936: Adjust so as
to ensure accuracy of operation (as, to regulate a clock or a watch); in
general to put in good order (as, to regulate the digestion).
w-m.com: To bring order, method, or uniformity to (regulate one's
Also erroneously called reticule, the sighting device in a
telescopic sight or scope. The reticle,
which may consist of various arrangements of crosshairs, post or dot, is
adjusted so that it appears to be on the same plane as the target.
If the adjustment is off then parallax can occur.
A type of handgun which has multiple chambers
which each revolve into position to fire a cartridge.
Six chambers in a revolver are common, but five, seven, and nine are not
A firearm designed to be fired from the shoulder and
fire only a single projectile at a time, as opposed to a shotgun which can
throw many small projectiles (shot) at the same time.
An arrangement of helical grooves machined into a barrel
to impart a spin onto a projectile passing through the bore.
The spin stabilizes the projectile, providing better
range and accuracy. Rifling may be cut into a barrel through the use of various
cutting tools or broaches,
may be pressed into the
barrel using a button tool to displace
metal, or may be formed by hammer forging
the barrel around a mandrel that contains a reverse image of the final rifling
A type of cartridge whose primer
is integral to the shell casing and located along the edge of the base in a
rim. When the firing pin strikes it pinches the
rim against the chamber and causes it to detonate and
ignite the powder.
A unit of measure for ammunition. One cartridge.
Typical quantities are 20 rounds and 50 rounds in single box. A
Boomershooter will typically go through about 100 rounds in one day. At some
pistol matches a shooter may go through several hundred rounds. In a
weekend of training, a pistol shooter may go through 1500 or more rounds.
A mechanical device used to block the firing pin
or trigger such that the firearm
cannot be fired.
Rules that must be followed to insure the safety of people and
property. The minimum safety rules taught by the NRA
and enforced at the Boomershoot are:
keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.
3) Always keep the gun unloaded until ready to use.
Saturday Night Special
Anti-gun slang for an inexpensive handgun. A
deceptive, elitist, and racist term, the so-called "Saturday night specials"
are small, inexpensive, low-caliber handguns, commonly used by poor people for
self-defense. Gun confiscators typically associate this term with criminals.
However, from a commonsense perspective, if a criminal were a criminal, s/he’d
despise this type of gun (logically assuming they’d prefer a more powerful gun
to fight the police).
As for the history of the term, "Saturday
night special", David Kopel, Research Director at the Independence Institute,
[The] “Saturday night special” is in
part a linguistic descendant of the racist phrase "Niggertown Saturday
Night." The obvious implication of the phrase "Saturday night special" is
that it is a gun used by "niggers" to shoot each other with during their
wild Saturday nights. No one denies that the people disarmed by a "Saturday
night special" ban would be predominantly poor and non-white.
Again, as with “junk guns”, affordable guns
are an accessible means of self-defense for those with low incomes, especially
people who live in poor, unsafe neighborhoods. Politicians commonly talk about
banning these cheap guns, yet they themselves are typically afforded the
luxury of armed guards. The term “Saturday night special” is elitist and
racist. See also Junk Gun.
Click here for more history
on the racist roots of gun control.
See Telescopic Sight.
A firearm that uses the energy and momentum of the just fired cartridge
to eject the spent shell casing and load a new
cartridge into the chamber. This makes it an
automatic loader. This is sometimes shortened to 'automatic' which some
people confuse with a full-auto (machine gun). This is the second most
common type of firearm used at the Boomershoot -- a distant second with bolt
actions being far more common.
-- past tense act of firing a gun. 2) noun -- A term used to describe the round pellet projectiles fired in a shotgun. The shot may be one of many different sizes described by a
number. The smaller the number the larger the pellet. The numbers
do not go negative, but start adding additional zeros to the designator.
00 (pronounced "double-ought") is larger than 0. Number 8 shot is
about the size of a head of a pin. 00 buckshot is about the size of a large pea.
A (typically) smooth bore long gun
that shoots a group of pellets called shot instead of bullets.
Depending on the bore size and the size of the pellets there may be from less
than 10 to two hundred or more pellets in a single shotgun cartridge.
Shotguns are designed for shooting moving targets (such as flying birds or
running rabbits) at close range and are not
used at the Boomershoot.
A self-contained round of ammunition consisting of a case
of brass head, a primer, a powder
charge, wads, and a load of shot,
being close by means of a crimp. Early shotshell cases were made of brass
and were reloaded many times by the shooter. Paper hulls with a brass head
replaced the brass cases and the paper hulls have now been replaced by plastic
hulls with brass heads.
A hollow, bottle or drinking glass shaped, piece of metal that is closed on
one end except for a small hole which holds a primer.
The open end holds the bullet. The hollow portion
holds the powder. Together the assembled unit is
called a cartridge.
The device that aids the eye in aiming the barrel of a firearm in the
proper direction to hit a target. The most common sights are iron
and telescopic. Nearly all Boomershooters use telescopic sights.
A bullet that has an exposed lead tip. These
type of bullets are typically used for hunting game animals with a rifle
because they expand to create a larger wound channel than a full
metal jacket bullet. A hollow point bullet would be used with a handgun
for the same reason. A hollow point bullet
fired from a rifle frequently fragments upon impact and fails to penetrate
deep enough to cause a humane kill in game animals. A hollow point varmint
bullet is often used when hunting small animals not intended to be used
for food or fur.
The spotter is a helper who gives the shooter guidance on how to hit a
particular target. In some cases the spotter may just report the location
of the bullet impact. In other cases they may
judge the speed and direction of the wind, determine the range, and give the
shooter the settings to be used on the sights. If
the atmospheric conditions are good and he/she is using quality optics the
spotter may even see the bullet as it travels through the air towards its'
target. With the right optics trace can also be seen
under most shooting conditions.
The supporting structure of a long gun to which the receiver,
barrel, trigger, and other
components are attached. Typically this is the portion of the firearm the
shooter holds while firing it. See also toe,
heel, butt, and comb.
A sight which has an integral telescope. Most
guns used at the Boomershoot will be of this type.
Toe (of a stock)
The bottom of the butt, when the gun is in position on
the shoulder to be fired, is called the toe.
Visible disturbance in the air by a bullet. Typically this takes the form
of image distortion that persists for a fraction of a second in the shape of
an inverted V similar to that of a boat wake.
The path which a bullet takes from the muzzle of the barrel to it's initial
point of rest. A bullet in flight does not fly straight to its target. In
fact, the bullet begins dropping under the influence of gravity as soon as it
leaves the barrel. To compensate for this, the firearm's sights are aligned to
point the barrel upward and perhaps to one side or the other to compensate for
the wind. This causes the bullet to arc upward relative to the line of
sight within the sighting system, then downward under the influence of gravity
to its point of impact. The sights are adjusted in
windage to change it's angle with the barrel to make the
bullet point of impact coincide with the point of aim. Sophisticated
computer programs, such as Modern
Ballistics, are used to predict the path of various bullets fired at various
velocities under various conditions.
The mechanism used by the shooter to initiate the firing of a cartridge.
Typically this is a lever type piece of metal that must be pulled with the
A metal (or sometimes hard plastic) mechanical device which partially
covers the trigger and reduces the chance the gun will
be accidentally fired.
A locking device put on a firearm to render it unable to be fired.
This can be useful in a home which does not have a gun safe and has small
children. It can be a disaster when it is legislated as a "one size
fits all" solution because it renders all home stored firearms useless
1) The phenomena of (usually) adverse consequences resulting from
(usually) well intentioned actions. Gun restrictions and/or bans are
prime examples. The intent is (usually) to reduce crime. The
consequence is that the victims are disarmed more than the criminals with the
result that violent crime increases. 2) A
book by John Ross which has become a "cult classic" within the gun
A hollow point, thin jacketed, bullet
that is designed to fragment into many (perhaps hundreds) of pieces upon
impact. This type of bullet is designed to humanely kill a small animal
such as a prairie dog or ground squirrel. Because they break up into so
many pieces while still retaining high velocity a hit from one of these bullet
will cause the animal to essentially explode even if hit a long way from a
vital organ. A full metal jacket bullet that hit in the same location
would typically pass through the animal. The animal would die minutes,
hours, or perhaps even a day later from dehydration, infection, or from
inability to escape from a predator. Because varmints are typically
hunted at long distances the bullet are typically made to be very accurate as
1) A felt, paper, cardboard or plastic disk that is used in a
shotshell. Wad design and material varies with the intended use of the
wad, the ultimate use of the shell, as well as the gauge. 2) Never
mind, it's pornographic.
The ability to calculate wind deflection and compensate for its effect on a
projectile. Wind doping is a matter of experience and many good riflemen
have the ability to dope wind to such an extent that computers are not required
to get acceptable results.
The setting on the sights used to accommodate the
wind or adjust for horizontal errors in the alignment of the sights with the bore
of the firearm.
* Entries marked with an asterisk are at least in part from The Firearms
Dictionary by R.A. Steindler, copyright 1970, published by Stackpole Books.
Email: Joe Huffman
December 07, 2006